BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The Rottweiler is among the oldest breeds. Its origin dates back to Roman times, where it was created as a guard dog and cowboy. These dogs immigrated with the Roman legions across the Alps, guarding men and touching the flock. On the outskirts of Rottwell, they met the dogs in the area. Then, there was a miscegenation. The main task of the Rottweiler was again to lead and guard large flocks, large animals and the defense of its owner and his assets. It got its name from the old city of Rottweil: Rottweiler Metz-gerhund (Rottweil’s butcher dog). Butchers created this breed for the sake of display, with no use for it. Thus, over time, this walking dog became more used as a traction dog. At the beginning of the century, when researching different breeds for the police function, the Rottweiler was also evaluated. In a short time, he proved to be extraordinarily suited to the tasks of the police service. For this reason, in 1910, he was officially recognized as a police dog. The creation of the Rottweiller is intended for a strong, black dog with reddish brown markings, clearly defined, which, despite the general appearance, should not do without nobility, being highly indicated as a companion dog, protection and usefulness.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: It is a robust dog, medium to large, without being light, coarse, straddle or slender. Its structure, in correct proportions, forms a compact, strong and well proportioned figure, revealing power, agility and resistance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The length of the trunk, measured from the tip of the sternum to the protrusion of the ischium, is greater than the height at the withers, at most, 15%.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: He is basically friendly and peaceful, very attached, loves children, easy to drive and eager for work. Its pattern reveals primitivism, it is self-confident, with courage and firm nerves. Always attentive to everything around him, he reacts with great promptness.
Skull: Of medium length, broad between the ears. Seen in profile, the forehead line is moderately arched. Occipital is well developed, without being too protruding.
Stop: Well defined.
Nose: Well developed, broader than round, with relatively large nostrils and always black.
Muzzle: It should not appear elongated or short in proportion to the skull. Straight nasal cane; broad at the root, decreasing moderately towards the truffle.
Lips: Black, tight, closed labial commissure, dark gums, preferably.
Jaws / Teeth: Strong and broad. Complete dentition (42 teeth), the incisors have a scissor bite.
Faces: Well-developed zygomatic arches.
Eyes: Medium size, almond-shaped, deep brown in color and well-adjusted lids.
Ears: Medium in size, pendant, triangular, well separated, set high. The skull appears to be wider when the ears are facing forward and drooping close to the cheeks.
NECK: Strong, moderately long, well-muscled, with a top line
slightly arched; dry, without dewlap or loose skin.
Back: Straight, firm and strong. Loin short, strong and deep.
Croup: Broad, of medium length; slightly rounded and of medium angulation.
Chest: Wide and deep (approximately half the height at the withers), with well-developed chest and well sprung ribs.
Belly: Bottom line without tuck-in.
TAIL: In natural conditions, it is horizontal as an extension of the upper line; at rest it may be pending.
General: Seen from the front, members straight and moderately wide apart. Seen in profile, forearms straight and vertical. The shoulder blades form an angle close to 45o with the horizontal.
Shoulders: Well placed.
Arms: Well-adjusted to the body.
Forearms: Strongly developed and muscular.
Pasterns: Strong, slightly flexible and oblique.
Legs: Round, well closed and arched. Hard pads, short nails, black and strong.
General: Seen from behind, the limbs are straight and moderately wide apart. In natural stay, the thigh forms an obtuse angle with the croup and the leg, as well as the leg with the hock.
Thighs: Relatively long, broad and strongly muscled.
Legs: Long, strong, broadly muscled, powerfully commanding powerful, well-angled hocks, never at too wide an angle.
Hind feet: The hind legs are slightly more elongated than the forelegs, but equally well closed and arched, with strong toes.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:The Rottweiler is a trotter. The back remains firm and relatively immobile. The evolution of the movements is harmonic, safe, strong and fluent, with a good stride range.
Head leather: Well-adjusted, with slight wrinkles when under care.
COAT: Formed by fur and undercoat. For the stiff, medium length, coarse, dense and seated. In the later ones the hair is a little longer. The undercoat must not exceed the length of the outer coat.
COLOR: Black, with well-defined markings in a rich brown color on the cheeks, snout, throat, chest and legs, as well as above the eyes and under the root of the tail.
SIZE / WEIGHT
Withers height: for Males: 61 to 68 cm.
61 to 62 cm Small.
63 to 64 cm Medium.
65 to 66 cm Large = ideal height.
67 to 68 cm very large.
Weight: 50 kilos.
Withers height: for females: 56 to 63 cm.
56 to 57 cm Small.
58 a 59 cm Medium.
60 to 61 cm Large = ideal height.
62 to 63 cm too big.
Weight: Approximately 42 kilos.
FAULTS: Any deviation from the terms of this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in the exact proportion of its severity and its effects on the dog’s health and well-being.
General appearance: Light, slim, straddle; weak musculature and bone.
• Head: With a hound expression, very narrow, light, very short, long, heavy; flat forehead (with little or no stop).
• Muzzle: Long muzzle, Roman or cleft nose; concave or fallen nasal cane; light or spotted truffle.
• Lips: Open, pink or spotted, open labial commissure.
• Jaws: Narrow jaw.
• Faces: Exaggeratedly pronounced.
• Denture: level bite.
• Ears: Very low set, heavy, long, folded back, as well as falling open or poorly carried.
• Eyes: Clear, deep or round. Drooping eyelids.
• Neck: Very long, thin, poorly muscled, dewlap or loose skin on the throat.
• Trunk: Too long, too short or too narrow.
• Chest: Narrow, ribs flat, barrel shaped.
• Back: Very long, weak, sealed or carpeted.
• Croup: Too short, too flat, or too slumped or too long.
• Tail: Set too high or too low.
• Forequarters: Front legs too close together or not straight. Open shoulders; elbows loose or turned outward; arm too long, too short or too straight;
weak or straight pasterns. Paws open; fingers flat or excessively arched, fingers atrophied; clear nails.
• Hindquarters: Hindquarters with flat thighs, very close hocks, cow hocks or barrel legs, very closed or very wide angles, raised.
• Skin: Wrinkled head leather.
• Coat texture: Soft, very short or very long; wavy coat, absence of undercoat.
• Color: Markings with the wrong coloring, poorly defined or very extensive.
• Generalities: Sexual characteristics clearly reversed (effeminate males and vice versa).
• Teeth: Prognates, retrognathes, jaw torsion, dogs lacking 1 molar, 1 premolar, 1 canine or 1 incisor.
• Eyes: Yellow; each of a different color; entropion, ectropion.
Cauda: • Tail: Broken, curled, strongly deflected laterally..
• Coat: Clearly long or wavy coat.
• Color: Absence of black and brown markings typical of the Rottweiler; White marks.
• Behavior: Fearful, shy, cowardly, afraid of shooting, excessively suspicious or nervous.
• Any dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.
• Males must have both testicles, of normal appearance, well lowered and accommodated in the scrotum.
• Only dogs that are clinically and functionally healthy and of a typical breed configuration should be used for breeding.