BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
It was a certain James Hinks who first standardized the breed type in the 1850s, selecting the egg-shaped head. The breed was first shown, in its current form, in Birmingham in 1862. The Bull Terrier Club was formed in 1887. One really interesting thing about the breed is that the pattern deliberately says: “there are no limits on weight or height. , but the dog must give the impression of maximum substance for its size, consistent with its qualities and sex. The dog must be balanced at all times”.
Minor examples of the Bull Terrier had been known since the early 19th century, but lost popularity before the First World War and were removed from the breed’s Kennel Club records in 1918. In 1938, a breed recovery was headed by Colonel Richard Glyn and a group of enthusiastic friends who founded the “Miniature Bull Terrier Club”. The standard is the same as the Bull Terrier, except for the height limit.
Of strong build, muscular, well balanced and active with a lively, determined and intelligent expression. A unique feature is its descending nasal cane and the egg-shaped head. Regardless of size, males should look male and female’s female.
BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT
Courageous, full of energy and with a kind and fun attitude. Balanced temperament and easy to be disciplined. Although obstinate, he is particularly friendly to people.
Long, strong and deep until the end of the snout, never coarse. Seen from the front, it is shaped like an egg and is completely full; its surface is free of cavities or cutouts. The profile gently curves downward from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose.
Skull: The top of the skull is almost flat from ear to ear.
Nose: Must be black. Well tilted down at the tip. Well-developed nostrils.
Lips: Well-adjusted and clean.
Jaws / Teeth: Deep and strong jaw. Teeth well-adjusted, healthy, strong, of good size, regular (intervals between each other) and with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, that is, the upper incisors cover the lower incisors and are inserted orthogonally to the jaws.
Eyes: Narrow and triangular in appearance, obliquely placed; black or brown in the darkest possible tones, in order to appear almost black and with a penetrating expression. The distance from the eyes to the tip of the nose should be noticeably greater than that from the eyes to the top of the skull. Blue or partially blue eyes are undesirable.
Ears: Small, thin and placed close together. The dog must be able to keep them rigidly upright when directed upwards.
Very muscular, long, arched, tapering from shoulders to head and free from loose skin.
Well rounded, with clear arching of the ribs and great depth from the withers to the sternum, so that it is closer to the ground.
Back: Short, strong, with the back line behind the level of the withers, arching slightly over the loin.
Loin: Broad and well muscled.
Chest: Wide when viewed from the front.
Bottom line and belly: From the tip of the sternum to the belly, it forms a graceful upward curve.
Short, set low and carried horizontally. Thick at the root, tapering to the tip.
General appearance: The dog must be solidly positioned on the limbs, which must be perfectly parallel. In adult dogs, the length of the forelegs should be approximately equal to the depth of the chest.
Shoulders: Strong and muscular, without being carried. Scapulas broad, flat and placed very close to the rib cage. They must present, from below upwards, a clear inclination in their anterior edges, forming an almost right angle with the arm.
Elbows: Kept straight and strong.
Forearms: They must have a strong round bone, with quality bones.
Legs: Round and compact, with well arched toes.
General appearance: Parallel limbs when viewed from behind.
Knees: Well-angled joint.
Legs: Well developed.
Hocks: Well angled.
Metatarsals: Short, strong bones.
Legs: Round and compact, with well arched toes.
When in motion, it is well consolidated, covering the soil smoothly with free, fluent steps and with a typical flowing air. In trot, parallel movement, front and back, only converging to the central line when the speed increases. The forelegs have a good reach and the posteriors move smoothly on the hips, achieving great momentum with the flexion of the knees and hocks.
Hair: Short, flat, dense, rough to the touch and shiny. The soft undercoat may be present in winter.
In whites, pure white fur. Pigmentation of the skin or markings on the head should not be penalized. In color, color predominates over white.
If there is equality in all other characteristics, brindle is preferred. Tabby black, red, fawn and tricolor are acceptable. Small marks on the white coat are undesirable. Blue and liver are highly undesirable.
SIZE / WEIGHT
There are no weight or height limits, but the dog must give maximum substance impression for its size, consistent with its qualities and sex.
Any deviation from the terms of this standard should be considered a fault and penalized in the exact proportion of its severity and its effects on the dog’s health and well-being.
Aggressiveness or excessive shyness.
Every dog that shows any sign of physical or behavioral anomaly must be disqualified.
Males should have both testicles, normal in appearance, well lowered and accommodated in the scrotum.
Only dogs that are clinically and functionally healthy and of a typical breed configuration should be used for breeding. The latest changes are in bold.